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2018年山西单招英语模拟试题一【含答案】

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时间:2018-08-03

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第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的a、b、c三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1.why is the woman going to china?

a. to travel b. to work c. to visit friends

2.what did the woman buy for her mother?

a. a coat b. a necklace c. a pair of earrings

3.when can the woman go to see mr smith?

a. from 1:30 pm to 2:30 pm b. from 2:30 pm to 4:30 pm c. from 4:30 pm to 6:00 pm

4.what do we know about the film?

a. it was liked by critics b. it didn’t earn much money c. it didn’t have a good reputation

5.what will the speakers do first?

a. finish a report b. go for a walk c. go to the library

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的a、b、c三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6.where will the woman probably buy what she needs?

a. on the 3rd street b. on the 5th street c. on the 22nd street

7. how will the woman probably go there?

a. on foot b. by taxi c. by subway

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8.what day is it today?

a. friday b. saturday c. sunday

9.where does the woman come from?

a. britain b. canada c. italy

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10.where does the conversation probably take place?

a. in a library b. in a bookstore c. in a book club

11.what do animal farm and brighton rock have in common?

a. they are both very popular

b. they are in the same section

c. they are both written by george orwell

12.which book will the woman get in the end?

a. grammar in use b. brighton rock c. better writing

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13.what is the shortest rental period for the apartment?

a. two months b. three months c. six months

14.which of the following is included in the rent?

a. the water bill b. the electricity bill c. the wi-fi bill

15.what is behind the apartment?

a. a supermarket b. an airport c. a sports center

16.what pet does the man have?

a. a rat b. a dog c. a cat

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17.when will the exhibit be held?

a. on 19th b. on 24th c. on 25th

18.what is the exhibit mainly about?

a. earth like planets b. famous telescopes c. discoveries of the hubble

19.how far can the hubble travel in a minute?

a. 300 miles b. 500 miles c. 700 miles

20.what was wrong with the hubble in the very beginning?

a. a mirror broke

b. it couldn’t take any pictures

c. one of its mirrors didn’t work well

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的a、b、c、d四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

a

when i was a kid i didn’t know what i wanted to be when i grew up, but i knew what i didn’t want to do. i didn’t even really know what one was. my elder brother is deaf. growing up, i ended up defending him and i often think that is what started me on my path to whatever i am today.

when i was approached with the idea of trying to create a landmine(地雷) campaign, we were just three people in a small office in washington, dc in late 1991. i had more than a few ideas about how to begin a campaign, but what if nobody cared? what if nobody responded? but i knew the only way to answer those questions was to accept the challenge.

but if i have any power as an individual, it's because i work with other individuals around the world. we are ordinary people--jemma from armenia, paul from canada, christian from norway and thousands more-who have worked together to bring about extraordinary change. the landmine campaign is not just about landmines--it's about the power of individuals to work with governments in a different way.

i believe in both my right and my responsibility to work to create a world that doesn't think highly of violence and war, but where we seek different solutions to our common problems. i know that holding such beliefs is not always easy or comfortable--particularly in the post-9/11 world. but i believe that life is about trying to do the right thing.

most people tend to get caught up in going to college, then getting a job, buying a house and paying the loan. somehow, i’ve had the desire--and the drive--to do things a bit differently. if enough ordinary people back up our desire for a better world, i believe we can accomplish extraordinary things.

21.when the author was a child, she .

a. had many great dreams

b. wanted to do something for peace

c. didn’t know she would work for landmine campaign

d. had decided what she would do when growing up

22.why did the author create a landmine campaign?

a. because she was encouraged by her colleagues

b. because she got inspiration from protecting her brother

c. because it was her duty to remove landmines

d. because she was interested in whatever others disliked

23.what is paragraph 3 mainly about?

a. the author had made many foreign friends

b. the landmine campaign had spread all over the world

c. many individuals join the landmine campaign to create a better world

d. the author’s friends joined her in fighting against the government

24.what can be inferred from the text?

a. the present world is full of violence and war

b. going to a famous university is the author’s belief

c. most people take war and violence for granted

d. settling problems peacefully is the author’s belief

b

apple and microsoft each launched new products. one company astonished everyone. the other made people sleepy. can you guess which was which? you probably guessed wrong. because apple, famous for its creative products, was the tech giant whose new product caused a collective shrug. while microsoft, which stole a move out of the apple playbook, won cheers from high-end, creative-class consumers like business analysts, media designers and music producers.

microsoft launched several new products, but the big one was the surface studio--a 28-inch, extremely-high-resolution(分辨率) touchscreen tablet that doubles as a desktop pc screen. there’s also the surface dial, which can be placed on the studio’s screen and revolved(旋转) to select menu items.

as hayley tsukayama remarked at the washington post, the studio is really just a super-sized version of the surface books product that microsoft has been selling for years. but if you’ve ever watched science fiction movies like minority report--where tom cruise seems to operate pictures and data hanging in mid-air by touching them, spreading their fingers to increase on details, and seeding files and information sliding from one folder(文件夹) to another with a click of the fingers, you can see how microsoft is trying to show the same experience.

meanwhile, apple’s new products were almost like some fine promotions for its apple tv. they boast(自夸) that the new macbook pros has a smaller size and more functions, and a new touchscreen bar on laptop keyboards where function keys used to be.

so what’s going on? in many ways, apple is focusing on attracting the average consumers who have been attracted by microsoft. and microsoft is focusing on targeting the high-end professionals apple has historically been associated with. you can even see this in the companies’ ad campaigns: microsoft’s ads stress imagination and creativity, while apple’s commercial chief designer jony ive, in calm and professional british accent, explained apple has improved the performance and convenience of its macbooks.

so apple is trying to control the world of devices and laptops from the top down, starting with the high-end market and moving on to appeal to a broader base of consumers. microsoft, having already strengthened itself within the bigger low-end market, is now attempting the opposite with a bottom-up strategy. will these succeed? time will tell…

25.what can we learn from the first paragraph?

a. microsoft’s new products made a big hit

b. apple’s products aim at high-end consumers

c. apple and microsoft developed the same products

d. the design of microsoft’s products is original and unique

26.why does the author mention the science fiction movie in paragraph 3?

a. to tell us microsoft’s new products can be used in movies

b. to show how trendy microsoft’s new products are

c. to show microsoft’s new products are inspired by the movie

d. to advocate more people to see the science fiction movie

27.what is paragraph 4 mainly about?

a. the features of apple’s new products

b. the bright future of apple’s new products

c. the reason why apple designed the new products

d. the difference between apple’s new products and apple tv

28.what can we learn about the two companies in promotion?

a. they push forward high tech development

b. they lead the development of it industry

c. they adopt different business strategies

d. they astonish the world from time to time

c

 

 

29.what can we know about officeworks?

a. it sells only expensive and high-quality items

b. its shipping is free to all customers for orders

c. its computers record information on specific customers

d. it is already the provider of choice for many offices in the area

30.why does officeworks send e-mails to existing customers?

a. to inform them of new products

b. to explain new discounts that are available

c. to notify them of new shipping arrangements

d. to make it convenient for them to order over the internet

31.why does mr driden choose officeworks?

a. he is willing to pay more for high quality

b. he will be able to order a larger variety of products

c. he will be able to end office unlimited contracts immediately

d. he is carrying out overall expense-control measures

d

the tower of pisa has been leaning so long--over 840 years--that it’s natural to assume it will go against gravity forever. but the famous structure has been in danger of falling down almost since its first brick was laid.

it began leaning shortly after construction began in 1173. builders had only reached the third of the tower’s planned eight stories when its foundation began to settle unsteadily unevenly on soft soil composed of mud, sand and clay. as a result, the structure leaned slightly to the north. laborers tried to compensate by making the columns and arches(拱顶) of the third story on the sinking northern side slightly taller. they then proceeded to the fourth storey, only to find themselves out of work when political unrest stopped construction.

the tower sat unfinished for nearly 100 years, but it wasn’t done moving. by the time work restarted in 1272, the tower tilted to the south--the direction it still leans today. engineers tried to make another adjustment, this time in the fifth story, only to have their work interrupted once again in 1278 with just seven stories completed.

unfortunately, the building continued to settle, sometimes at an alarming rate. finally, between 1360 and 1370, workers finished the project, once again trying to correct the lean by angling the eighth story, with its bell room, northward.

in 1989, a similarly constructed bell tower in pavia, northern italy, collapsed suddenly. officials became so worried the tower of pisa would suffer a fate similar to the collapsed tower in pavia that they closed the monument to the public. a year later, they brought together an international team to see if the tower could be brought back from the brink.

by 2001, the team had decreased the tower’s lean by 44 centimeters(17 inches), enough to make officials confident that they could reopen the monument to the public. the actions taken by burland and his team could, theoretically(在理论上), stabilize the structure forever. the real threat now comes from the masonry(石造建筑) itself, especially the material in the lower stories, where most of the forces caused by the centuries-long leaning have been directed. if any of this masonry crushed, the tower could collapse. and even a minor earthquake in the region could have devastating consequences.

in spite of these potential problems, engineers expect the famous structure will remain stable for at least another 200 years. by then, another intervention may be required, but the technology available to make improvements could be far more advanced and preserve the tower for another 800 years.

32.why did the tower of pisa begin to lean since its first brick was laid?

a. the workers didn’t do exactly what they were ordered

b. people at that time appreciated something special

c. it was build on soft soil composed of mud, sand and clay

d. the workers made a big mistake during construction

33.what does the underlined word “collapsed” in paragraph 5 mean?

a. fell down b. burned down c. disappeared d. shook

34.why does the real threat come from the tower itself after 2001?

a. because it was too old after so many years

b. because people think it is out of fashion

c. because years’ stress is on the material in the lower storeys

d. because someone damaged it intentionally

35.what does the author think of the tower’s future?

a. it will be torn down in 20 years

b. it will fall down as the bell tower did in pavia

c. it will stand another 200 years before falling down

d. it will exist for long with the development of technology

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

a sphinx(狮身人面像) is a mythological creature with the body of a lion and the head of a person. the most famous sphinx is the great sphinx of giza. it is one of the largest and oldest statues in the world. 36 the great sphinx faces the sunrise and guards the pyramid tombs of giza.

37 it is 241 feet long, 20 feet wide, and 66 feet high. the eyes on the face are 6 feet tall, the ears over three feet tall, and the nose would have been nearly 5 feet long before it was knocked off.

over the past 4,500 years weather and erosion(侵蚀) have damaged the great sphinx. it is really amazing that so much of it is left for us to see. 38 it had a long beard and a nose. it also was painted in bright colors. archeologists think that the face and body were painted red, and the beard was blue.

39 no one is entirely sure exactly how the nose got knocked off. there are stories that napoleon’s men accidentally knocked off the nose while other stories have the nose getting shot off in target practice by turkish soldiers.

after the sphinx was built, over the course of the next 1,000 years it fell into disrepair. 40 legend has it that a young prince named thutmose fell asleep near the head of the sphinx. he had a dream where he was told that if he restored the sphinx he would become pharaoh(法老) of egypt. thutmose restored the sphinx and later became pharaoh of egypt.

a. the great sphinx is huge!

b. what happened to its nose?

c. the original sphinx would have looked a lot different

d. it is widely believed that it was carved around 2,500 bc.

e. the great sphinx is believed by some scholars to have a beard.

f. the entire body was covered in sand and only the head could be seen

g. efforts are being made to preserve the sphinx, but it continues to erode.

第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的a、b、c、d四个选项中,选取可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

my most rewarding experience throughout the past two years was volunteering at the swimming competition for special olympics where a disabled friend of my community took part. this had special 41 for me because experiencing it helped improve my leadership skills, my character, and support my community.

firstly, my 42 skills developed when i independently directed each swimmer where to line up at the platform and 43 each contestant when they needed to swim. i had to make sure that the swimmers were 44 and ready to perform. this kept me on my feet at all times and 45 of each event’s time and location. i learned each swimmer’s name. 46 many of them swam in more than one event.

secondly, my 47 was greatly improved when i saw the swimmers get their awards for winning each swimming event. i was 48 that most swimmers could swim better than i. it astonished me by their 49 attitudes, whether they won or lost. this also expanded my horizons, offering me the opportunity to 50 people i would normally not encounter. i went out of my 51 zone and did whatever was needed to be done. it was especially 52 when i saw the glowing faces of the contestants.

lastly, i was of 53 to my community by lending a hand to this much 54 organization. to be a part of it gave me a chance to improve my community and become 55 with the people living in this area.

as winston churchill once said, “we make a living by what we do, but we make a(n) 56 by what we give.” the importance of 57 should be done throughout your life. 58 , through the many opportunities my community has offered i was privileged to be 59 in this exciting and important event in these contestants’ lives. i hope to be a(n) 60 at this event in years to come.

41.a. purpose b. attention c. meaning d. regulation

42.a. exercise b. acting c. learning d. leadership

43.a. taught b. informed c. awarded d. compared

44.a. valued b. preserved c. positioned d. controlled

45.a. aware b. certain c. full d. capable

46.a. so b. if c. because d. though

47.a. figure b. imagination c. technique d. character

48.a. blamed b. impressed c. reminded d. concerned

49.a. changeable b. indifferent c. various d. positive

50.a. meet b. gather c. educate d. recommend

51.a. time b. comfort c. availability d. development

52.a. interesting b. outstanding c. rewarding d. relaxing

53.a. service b. courage c. wisdom d. encouragement

54.a. needed b. honored c. invited d. occupied

55.a. faced b. combined c. surrounded d. acquainted

56.a. life b. way c. exception d. analysis

57.a. traveling b. volunteering c. evaluating d. cooperating

58.a. specially b. generally c. additionally d. fortunately

59.a. delighted b. involved c. stuck d. successful

60.a. judge b. trainer c. assistant d. announcer

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

the silk road is 61 name of different roads that long ago connected europe, africa and asia. people 62 (reach) these different places along these roads. scientists believe 63 people began to travel the silk road about 3,000 years ago. the silk road covered almost 6,500 kilometers. it went from rome to china, that is, from the west to the far east. merchants travelled along the silk road to carry silk, of course. they also carried and traded things 64 spices, cloth, jewels and gold.

during 65 (it) busiest period, the silk road allowed people from many different cultures and countries 66 (meet) each other and mix. the silk road allowed the sharing of 67 (value) things and new ideas. while 68 (travel) the silk road, people shared goods, stories, languages and cultures.

in modern times, the old silk road routes are still used, but now they 69 (cross) by trains instead of camels and horses. there is even a silk route museum in jiuquan in china. it has over 35,000 70 (object) from all along the silk road. in this way, china protects the history of many countries and peoples.

61. 62. 63. 64. 65.

66. 67. 68. 69. 70.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文,文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

i’ll offer any advice on smartphone manners. the first point is about loud. when you talk on your smartphone in the public, don’t shout. the microphones in smartphones are very sensitive that you can be heard even if you speak quiet. another point is about personal space. i don’t think it is polite make calls in small rooms. it makes others uncomfortable and force them to listen to your personal business. what’s bad, it keeps many face-to-face conversations against ever beginning. the last point is when doing two things at the same time is dangerous. for example, making calls while you’re driving is a bad habit.

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,你所在的校武术队(martial arts team)正在招收学员。请给你的留学生朋友tony写封邮件邀请他加入,内容包括:

1.具体培训安排(时间与地点);

2.报名方式及截止日期。

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。


2018年山西单招英语模拟试题一参考答案

1-5 bacca 6-10 cbabb 11-15 bacbb 16-20 abcac

21-25 cbcda 26-30 baccd 31-35 dcacd 36-40 dacbf

41-45 cdbca 46-50 cdbda 51-55 bcaad 56-60 abdbc

61.the 62.reached 63.that 64.like 65.its

66.to meet 67.valuable 68.traveling/travelling 69.are crossed 70.objects

短文改错

i’ll offer any advice on smartphone manners. the first point is about loud. when you talk on your smartphone

some loudness

in the public, don’t shout. the microphones in smartphones are very sensitive that you can be heard even if you

so

speak quiet. another point is about personal space. i don’t think it is polite ∧ make calls in small rooms. it makes

quietly to

others uncomfortable and force them to listen to your personal business. what’s bad, it keeps many face-to-face

forces worse

conversations against ever beginning. the last point is when doing two things at the same time is dangerous. for

from that

example, making calls while you’re driving is a bad habit.

书面表达

one possible version:

dear tony,

how is everything going? the martial arts team of our school is admitting fresh learners. i’m sure it will appeal to you, for you have been enthusiastic about martial arts. therefore, i’d like to invite you to join the team. here follows the information in detail.

the team will organize learning programs from 2 to 4 every thursday afternoon in room 201, no. 5 school building. if you are interested in it, you can send an email to martialarts@sina.com. the deadline is september 18th. i sincerely hope you could join us. don’t hesitate to ask me if you have any questions.

i’m looking forward to your early reply.

yours,

li hua


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